IMPASSE PROCEDURES; IN GENERAL; DUTY TO PARTICIPATE IN GOOD FAITH – Post-Impasse
Single Topic for Decision 2018S
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900.05000 – Post-Impasse
Generally, an employer cannot change matters within the scope of representation without first providing the exclusive representative notice and opportunity to negotiate. Once impasse is reached under the Dills Act, however, an employer may take unilateral action to implement “any or all” of the proposals contained in its LBFO. In such cases, the unilateral adoptions must be reasonably comprehended within the pre-impasse proposals. Moreover, if a proposal contained in the LBFO conflicts with existing law or requires the expenditure of funds, the proposal must be approved by the Legislature. A proposal to increase the mileage reimbursement rate for state employees constitutes an expenditure of funds and, therefore, such an increase in a LBFO may not be implemented until approved by the Legislature.