EMPLOYER REFUSAL TO BARGAIN IN GOOD FAITH; DEFENSES – Business Necessity; Employer Financial Position

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608.00000 – EMPLOYER REFUSAL TO BARGAIN IN GOOD FAITH; DEFENSES
608.03000 – Business Necessity; Employer Financial Position

Asserted fiscal emergency under MMBA section 3504.5 did not authorize city to impose furloughs, where city did not formally declare fiscal emergency until two months after it unilaterally implemented furlough plan and failed to establish that it had no alternative to unilaterally imposing furloughs rather than complete the meet and confer process.