UNION UNFAIR PRACTICES; UNION BARGAINING CONDUCT – Refusal to Bargain in Good Faith (See, also, Scope of Representation, Sec. 1000)
Single Topic for Decision 2697M
Full Decision Text (click on the link to view): Full Text
804.02000 – Refusal to Bargain in Good Faith (See, also, Scope of Representation, Sec. 1000)
A party does not engage in regressive bargaining by withdrawing concessions on some subjects, while offering more favorable terms on other subjects, if the overall set of changes do not tend to frustrate an overall compromise—this will typically be true if aggregate movements toward the other party’s position are approximately equal, or greater than equal, to aggregate movements in a regressive direction. (See City of Palo Alto (2019) PERB Decision No. 2664-M, p. 6, fn. 5; Charter Oak Unified School District (1991) PERB Decision No. 873, pp. 17-18.) Proving net regressive conduct often requires some mathematical calculation (when the allegations mainly involve cost items) and requires a more nuanced argument when the allegations involve a mix of cost items and non-cost items. During the several weeks in which Union allegedly acted in a regressive manner, the parties traded multiple alternative packages, some including resolution of all litigation and some excluding such resolution. County did not meet its burden to show regressive conduct, viz., that Union made regressive new demands that were insufficiently offset by Union’s contemporaneous movements toward compromise.