PERB: OPERATION, JURISDICTION, AUTHORITY; STATUTORY AUTHORITY OF BOARD – Authority of Board In General; Validity and Application of Regulations (See also 102.01)

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104.00000 – PERB: OPERATION, JURISDICTION, AUTHORITY; STATUTORY AUTHORITY OF BOARD
104.01000 – Authority of Board In General; Validity and Application of Regulations (See also 102.01)

The MMBA differs from federal law in that it contains no exclusion for supervisors or managerial employees, and appellate courts have found that the MMBA therefore affords collective bargaining rights to supervisors and managers. (Public Employees of Riverside County, Inc. v. County of Riverside (1977) 75 Cal.App.3d 882, 888; Organization of Deputy Sheriffs v. County of San Mateo (1975) 48 Cal.App.3d 331, 338.) EERA, enacted in 1975, explicitly excludes managerial employees, but not supervisors. (Gov. Code, § 3540.1, subd. (j).) (EERA does restrict the unit placement of supervisors.) (Gov. Code, § 3545, subd. (b)(2).) The Dills Act, enacted in 1977 to cover state employees, explicitly excludes supervisory and managerial employees. The Judicial Council Employer-Employee Relations Act, enacted in 2017, similarly excludes supervisory and managerial employees. (Gov. Code, § 3524.52. subd. (g).) HEERA, enacted in 1978, explicitly excludes managerial employees, while limiting the rights of supervisors. (Gov. Code, §§ 3562, subd. (e), 3580.) The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority Transit Employer-Employee Relations Act (TEERA; PUC, § 99560 et seq.), enacted in 2003, explicitly states that it “shall only apply to supervisory employees of the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority [LACMTA].” (PUC, § 99560.3.) TEERA’s legislative history shows the Legislature’s intent to cover certain supervisors who are also low-level managerial employees. (pp. 5-10 & fn. 8.)